Numerous studies have shown that the national identity has declined over time in Hong Kong, especially since 2008. The decline is particularly prominent among younger cohorts and highly educated. The identity politics is often intertwined with social movement in recent years. Based on the longitudinal data of the Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD) in 2013 and 2015 respectively, this paper aims to investigate the impact of social movement in reconstructing participants' identity. Results from fixed-effect models show that participation in Occupy Central has led to stronger local identity and weaker national identity. These findings shed new lights on the theory of identity formation.
Xiaogang Wu is Chair Professor at the Division of Social Science and the Division of Public Policy at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), and Director of the HKUST Center for Applied Social and Economic Research (CASER). His research interests include social inequality and mobility, education, gender and family, urban sociology, survey, and quantitative methods. Professor Wu has been the PI of “Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD)” since 2011, and the Co-PI of "Shanghai Urban Neighborhood Survey" (SUNS) since 2015. He is currently leading a research team to study various issues in these two cities.