Variation in the Education Gradient of Body Weight
in Contemporary China
Using data from the 1991-2009 China Health and Nutrition Surveys, this paper examines the temporal-spatial variation in the education gradient of body weight relative to height among Chinese adults, and how the variation is associated with levels of economic development. We find different variation patterns for men and women. For women, the education gradient in body weight shifted from being positive to being negative over time for China as a whole, as well as across regions with different levels of economic development. In contrast, for men, higher education remained consistently associated with higher body weight over the 18-year period studied in China as a whole as well as across regions with different levels of economic development.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Education, Health Disparities, Economic Development, China